Galapagos Island Cruises   Skype Me™!  
  Galapagos Islands Cruises Deals - TripGalapagos - Ecuador  




The Galapagos Archipelago biodiversity is low, because its islands are located 600 miles from mainland Ecuador which makes it very difficult for new kinds of plants and animals to reach the islands. Marine organisms, such as green sea turtles and corals, probably came on their own, swimming, or as floating larvae. Sea birds are all strong flyers that frequently make long journeys across the open sea. However most of the Galapagos life forms reached the islands by accident, and all had a long sea journey. Compared to other tropics places, there are few birds & Galapagos mammals on the Archipelago, however the majority are endemic species that learned how to survive on this fascinating environment.



49 species of land birds had been recorded in the Galapagos, 22 of them are endemic to the Islands. 

  • Osprey
  • Galapagos Hawk
  • Peregrine Falcon


Darwin Finches, or Galapagos Finches, are a group of about 15 species of passerine birds. They were first collected by Darwin during the second voyage of the Beagle, and hence the name given to this fascinating group of species.


  • Large Ground Finch
  • Small Ground Finch
  • Medium Ground Finch
  • Vampire Finch
  • Cactus Finch
  • Large Cactus Finch
  • Vegetarian Finch
  • Large Tree Finch
  • Medium Tree Finch
  • Small Tree Finch
  • Woodpecker Finch
  • Mangrove Finch
  • Warbler Finch



47 species of sea birds had been recorded in the Galapagos, 19 are endemic to the Islands. As a result, sea birds account for almost one third of all the species ever recorded in the islands and about the same proportion of the resident species. 


Penguins: Galapagos Penguin

Cormorants: Flightless Cormorant

Pelicans: Brown Pelican

Albatrosses: Waved Albatross

Shearwaters & Petrels:

  • Audubon's Shearwater
  • Dark-rumped Petrel

Storm Petrels:

  • Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel
  • Elliot's Storm Petrel
  • Band-rumped Storm Petrel


  • Magnificent Frigatebird
  • Great Frigatebird


  • Blue-footed Booby
  • Red-footed Booby
  • Masked (Nazca) Booby


  • Swallow-tailed Gull
  • Lava Gull
  • Franklin's Gull


  • Common Noddy
  • Common Tern
  • Sooty Tern
  • Royal Tern

Tropicbirds: Red-billed Tropicbird



21 species of water birds have been recorded in Galapagos, 10 of which are endemic to the Islands. Thirty-Four species of shore birds had been recorded in the Galapagos, only two of which are endemic.



Grebes: Pied-billed Grebe

Ducks: White-cheecked Pintail Duck

Flamingos: Greater Flamingo

Rails & Crakes:

  • Galapagos Rail
  • Paint-billed Crake

Herons & Egrets:

  • Lava Heron
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Striated Heron
  • Yellow-crowned Heron
  • Great Egret
  • Aucattle Egret

Oystercatchers: American Oystercatcher

Stilts: Black-necked Stilt


  • Semi-palmated plover
  • Black-bellied plover

Sanderlings, Phalaropes & Allies:

  • Ruddy Turnstone
  • Wandering Tattler
  • Sanderling
  • Whimbrel
  • Red-Necked Phalarope



32 endemic species of mammals have been recorded in the Galapagos. Not counting domesticated species (dogs, cats, pigs, goats, donkeys, horses and cattle) and introduced rodents (rats and mice).


Sea Lions: Galapagos Sea Lion Galapagos Fur Seal

Sperm Whales:

  • Sperm Whale
  • Dwarf Sperm Whale
  • Pygmy Sperm Whale


  • Large Fernandina Rice Rat
  • Santa Fe Rice Rat
  • Santiago Rice Rat
  • Small Fernandina Rice Rat

Beaked Whales:

  • Blainville's Beaked Whale
  • Cuvier's Beaked Whale


  • Galapagos Red Bat
  • Hoary Bat


  • Short-finned Pilot Whale
  • Killer Whale or Orca
  • False Killer Whale
  • Melon-headed Whale

Rorqual Whales:

  • Common Rorqual
  • Sei Whale
  • Bryde's Whale
  • Minke Whale
  • Humpback Whale
  • Blue Whale


  • Common Dolphin
  • Bottle-nosed Dolphin




28 species of reptiles have been recorded in Galapagos. 19 are endemic to the archipelago, 11 of which are confine to single islands, and three species have been introduced.




  • Galapagos Giant Tortoise
  • Lonesome George


  • Land Iguana
  • Santa Fe Land Iguana
  • Marine Iguana

Turtles: Green Sea Turtle



  • Galapagos leaf-toed Gecko
  •  Baur's Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Rabida Leaf-toed Gecko 
  • San Cristobal Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Santa Fe Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Tuberculated Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Wenman Leaf-toed Gecko


Barn Lava Lizards:


  • Hood Island Lava Lizard
  • Floreana Island Lava Lizard
  •  Galapagos Lava Lizard 
  • Marchena Island Lava Lizard
  • Pinta Island Lava Lizar
  • Pinzon Island Lava Lizard
  • San Cristobal Island Lava Lizard



  • Floreana Island Snake
  • Galapagos Snake
  • Slevin's Snake


© a Division of TripEcuador - Av.Amazonas N24-240 y Colon, Quito-Ecuador